Two species, Cimex lectularius and Cimex hemipterus, are known as bed bugs and frequently feed on humans, although other species may parasitize humans opportunistically. Species that primarily parasitize bats are known as bat bugs. Most commonly, bed bugs travel as stowaways in luggage, although they can be transferred … Cimex lectularius, the common bed bug, is the most widespread and best known species as it prefers to feed on human blood. Cimex is a genus of insects in the family Cimicidae. Their size ranges between 1 and 7 mm. Human bed bugs were virtually eradicated from the developed world in the middle of the 20th century. Geographic Distribution. Today, bed bugs have conquered quite diverse locations, ranging from hospitals, hotels to trains, cruise ships and even airplanes. caves) inhabited by these bats in southern areas appears to restrain the presence of cimicids. However, in the early part of the modern resurgence it was the tourist areas that were impacted. In the past, bed bugs were particularly an affliction of the poor and occurred in mass shelters. The distribution of Cimex lectularius follows the synanthropic habitats of its principal hosts, Myotis myotis and M. emarginatus, both Mediterranean elements of the European fauna. Although bed bugs have been found naturally-infected with blood-borne pathogens, they are not effective vectors of disease. Sometimes referred to as red coats, chinches, or mahogany flats (USDA 1976), bed bugs, Cimex lectulariusLinnaeus, are blood-feeding parasites of humans, chickens, bats and occasionally domesticated animals (Usinger 1966). The climate in natural roosts (i.e. Infestation is rarely due to a lack of hygiene but is more common in high-density areas. The bed bugs (Cimex lectularius and C. hemipterus) have undergone a significant resurgence worldwide since the 1990s. Bed Bugs, Cimex lectularius, Cimex hemipterus and Leptocimex boueti (Heteroptera: Cimicidae) Overview. They spread by crawling between nearby locations or by being carried within personal items. Clinical Presentation. Bed bugs are suspected to carry leprosy, oriental sore, Q-fever, and brucellosis (Krueger 2000) but have never been implicated in the spread of disease to humans (Dolling 1991). After the development an… Bed bug bites are caused primarily by two species of insects: Cimex lectularius (the common bed bug) and Cimex hemipterus, found primarily in the tropics. Two other bed bug species reportedly feed on humans: Cimex hemipterus , the New and Old World tropical pest, and Leptocimex boueti , which feeds on bats and humans and is restricted to West Africa. C. lectularius is found all over the world in almost every area that has been colonized by humans. Cimex lectularius is cosmopolitan in distribution; C. hemipterus is distributed in the tropics and sub-tropics. Methods: Spatial distribution of Cimex lectularius was determined by surveying 520 houses in 62 areas of Ahvaz City in 2017. Bed bug infestations have been reported from all over the US and Europe, and California is no exception. However, as of the first decade of the 21st century, bed bugs are back and winning. Cimex species are ectoparasites that typically feed on the blood of birds and mammals. Some information like as infested points, the concern level of the residents and allergic reaction to the insect bite were registered in a form using the secondhand instrument.
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